Pradhan Mantri Gram Krishi Sinchai Yojana

Pradhan Mantri Gram Krishi Sinchai Yojana

Natural disasters and calamities affect the life of the people in a broad aspect, and it causes the death of thousands of the people. Something like the drought is not the same as the flood or earthquake, but the effect of the drought is quite severe and deadly too. Effect of drought is not direct but it affects the whole region like a disease, and it prevails for a long time. The least effect can be a period of 6 months.

A crop insurance scheme and a Food Processing SAMPADA Scheme also have been started by the BJP for betterment of agriculture sector .”

People often commit suicide and kill others for the sake of the food and the main reason for the killing is the scarcity of food. Life of the urban people does not get much affected with the cause of the famine and death of the people in the countryside due to the drought. But you get to realize it only when you visit the market and find the rise in the price of the food items.

“Many states are working for the nation farmers, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh government has started some yojana for farmers of the states, you can read respectively about them, Key Features Of Krishi Rin Samadhan Yojana in MP and Key Features Of UP Karz Mafi Yojana .”

Details of Pradhan Mantri Gram Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMGSY)

Prime Minister, Narendra Modi along with the Union Agriculture Minister Radha Mohan Singh has launched the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sinchai Yojana (PMGSY) in the view that it will strengthen the life of the farmers and it will also help to provide irrigation to the 56% of cultivable land in India which is still not under irrigation. Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) has been articulated merging ongoing schemes viz.

  1. Ganga Rejuvenation and River Development program is a part of the plan. Under these, the water of the major rivers will be cleaned and properly utilized for the purpose of irrigation facilities.
  2. AIBP or the Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Program will also be taken up under the guidance of the Water Resources Ministry of the country. They will make sure that all farms are adequately supplied by artificial irrigation methods.
  3. National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture under the Agricultural Department will make way of the OFWM project. The full form of the projects is On Farm Water Management. With this, the farmers will not have to worry about the problems of water supply.
  4. Under the guidance of the Land Resources Department, the central as well as the state governments will work towards the proper implementation of the IWMP. It is popularly known as the Cooperation and Integrated Watershed Management Program

Every year it has been reported that thousands of farmers give up their life. Due to the famine and low amount of rainfall, the agricultural land do not get adequate amount of water and as a result the productivity of the land decreases. As the farmers are unsure about the production of the land, many of them give up farming and some of them also do suicide as they do not get any answer of how to support their family. Madhya Pradesh Government has started a Mukhyamantri Solar Pump Yojana Madhya Pradesh in ruler areas do not have sufficient water.

Key Features of Pradhan Mantri Gram Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMGSY)

India has always been dependent on the agricultural produce. The crops are not only used for feeding the teeming millions but its export also brings foreign exchange into the national economy. But there are many farmers who are abandoning their farm lands are trying their hands at some other profession due to the lack of proper irrigation facilities. Thus, with the implementation of the scheme, the government wants to eliminate all problems, associated with farming. This will help the nation and the common people of the country as well. The following are the salient features of the PMGSY:

  1. The main of the scheme is to attract investment in the irrigation departments. With the assistance of the invested money, the government will be able to enhance the condition of the soil. This will in turn, assist the farmers in better crops.
  2. For developing the condition of farming and the innate fertility of the soil, the government will have to make sure that all the farmers get the opportunity to utilize artificial modes of irrigation in the farms, at reasonable costs.
  3. Another problem that the government faces is the wastage of water. This must be stopped immediately and for this, the government will give training to the farmers. This training will assist the farmers in understanding the real value of water and how they can stop its wastage.
  4. Apart from stopping the misuse of water, the government wants the farmers to understand that with proper irrigation, they will be able to raise a better crop. The government wants to make sure that adequate amount of water is utilized in places where it is required.
  5. Water recycling is another part of the scheme. Under the program, the government will urge the farmers to make use of the surplus water of the Municipality. By doing this, the fallow water will be put to good use and the natural sources of water will not be drained too much.
  6. This program will be liked after by the NSC. This department will be responsible for the proper planning and implementation of the program in its various phases. They will keep the central government informed about the progress report.
  7. The entire scheme will operate under the National Irrigation Program. The govern aims at creating an awareness about the proper utilization of water and its protection against any misuse or wastage.

The main task to be done under this scheme

A lot has to be done for attaining success under the Yojana. The following are some of the tasks that must be carried out for proper implementation and success of the program:

  1. The government will take the necessary steps for the proper implementation of the irrigation and water distribution activities. The construction of ponds and water temples will assist in the successful implementation of the program.
  2. The government will try to provide the farmland with its own water source. Thus, the pressure on the other sources will be lessened. This will be done by developing the ponds or lakes, located near the farmlands.
  3. Water harvesting is another aspect that must be tackled in the proper manner. With the help of water harvesting methods, the farmers will be able to get an additional source of water. They will not have to depend on the rainfall alone. With proper methods of storing and harvesting the rain water, the issues of lack of water supply will be solved.

How PMGSY will help the farmers?

From the proposed plan of Pradhan Mantri Gram Sinchai Yojana (PMGSY),there is some possibility to bring relief to the lives of farmer. The main vision of this plan is to provide irrigation water to the 56% of land where there is no irrigation water available. Plans are also made to provide alternative water supply during the period of drought or no rainfall.

The plan is to provide irrigation water to all the fields and with the support of every state and district, it is projected that all the fields will get irrigation water within a period of 5-7 years. Besides providing irrigation water, plans are also made to provide proper storage locations for the water and the main aim is to battle during the no season of “no rain” or drought.  This is a very fruitful plan which can bring a certain amount of respite for the farmers of this state.

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sinchai Yojana (PMGSY) in the State Level

The central and the state government have joined hands for the implementation and successful operation of the scheme. The experts of the central government will help the state authorities in proper implementation of the scheme. To aid the economic needs of the states, the central government has allotted funds for the interested states. For getting the economic grants from the center, the state governments will have to make a feasible irrigation plan, first at the district levels. All information, associated with the plan must be submitted to the central departments. Once the Irrigation Department in Delhi talks a look at the course of action and gives the green signal, the state government will get the monetary grants.

“Central has also launched a soil maintenance scheme as the name of Soil Health Card Scheme

Budget Allocation by State and Central Government

For proper implementation of the scheme, the total expense will be shared by the central and the state governments. According to the government reports, the scheme will need almost 50, 000 crores for implementation only during the first 5 years. After assessing the needs of each state, the central government will pay about 75% of the total cost and the state government will have to pay about 25% of the total expenditure. The state governments will have to keep some extra crores at hand as they will have to meet additional expenses too. In the hilly areas and the North Eastern states, farmers are reeling under the water scarcity. Here, the central government will provide 90% of the total expenditure and the state will have to pay for the 10% costs.

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