In keeping with the recent trends, which have been sweeping across the coasts of all the nations, Indian government has also embarked on the mission of developing the nation and all aspects associated with it. After careful observation, the central government has been working on the implementation of various reform and developmental programs. Among these programs, the most motivated project is associated with the construction of smart cities in the nation.
Lot has been done to develop the state of affairs in the rural as well as in the urban areas; still Indian lags behind in the sector of smart towns. If reports are to be believed, India does not have any smart towns which can compete with the smart cities, in other developed and developing nations. To tackle the situation, the central government has announced the implementation of the “Smart City Mission” in the current financial year.
History of the Smart City mission
The ambitious scheme was initiated by the Prime Minister of the country, Narendra Modi in the month of June, 2015. The mission has been taken up to reconstruct the cities of the country on the lines of being a true “smart city.” Though the government officials have not mentioned any time frame for the completion of the project but they have mentioned that due to the sheer massiveness of the scheme, it will be done in many phases. To start the mission, the government has made a list of 20 cities. It is expected that the entire project will take no less than 20 years to be finished.
Technically, there is no one phrase that can properly define a smart city. The definition will change from one place to another and will depend on the overall standard of development that prevails in the entire area. Thus, a smart city in India will be different from a smart city in USA.
For a city to be called a “smart city” in any part of India, one will have to investigate about what the citizens wish and desire to have. A city will not be a smart city if it does not have the proper sanitization, infrastructure and other associated facilities. Each city that offers the residents a good living condition and will be able to sustain the infrastructure will be called a smart city.
Though the government agencies have only made a rough estimate, the entire Smart City mission will require the central government to shell out a whopping 7000 crores only in the first phase. By the time the project reaches the completion, the total expenditure of the scheme might reach the 700,000 crore mark. The estimated expenditure of the project has been calculated by the expert committee headed by the Finance Minister himself.
Selection of the cities for the project
The selection of the cities, which will be included in the list of Smart City, has been prepared by the MoUD, popularly known as the Ministry of Urban Development. In the coming 2 years, a total of 100 cities will be given the necessary infrastructural makeover so that they can be called the smart city in the real sense of the word.
Cities enlisted for Phase I
The selection of the cities for implementation of the Smart City program has already been made. The government is going to start with the B mark towns.
Features of a smart city
As highlighted in the guidelines of the central government, every smart city must have the following features:
The first that the residents require is proper place to live. In the smart cities, the government needs to ensure that proper planning has been done for the construction of domestic and commercial property. Without adequate living arrangements, people will not be able to settle down in the town. No city can be a real city without its inhabitants.
Electricity is very important for development of mankind. Without electricity noting will function smoothly. Thus, the city governing authority will have to make sure that residents get access to 24X7 supply of uninterrupted electricity. Without the assurance of continued electricity, a smart city will not be actually smart.
The third important aspect that needs to be handled by the city government is the management of all kinds of waste. Large population means large amounts of waste and these wastes must be taken care of to provide the residents with a clean and pollution free environment. Sanitation is the key to developing a city into a Smart City.
Mobility by foot and proper roads for public and private vehicles is a must. The government in the smart city will have to make provisions for footpaths for the people to walk on. On top of that, they will also have to construct wide gage and narrow gage roads for the vehicles to run on.
Apart from these, the government will also have to take care of the construction of parks for enhancing the beauty of the city. These parks will provide the people with chances of recreation. Both children and adults will be able to relax in the parks.
The government of the city must be developed in such a way so that they can be in a position to tackle all seen and unforeseen circumstances. It is the duty of the city authority to provide all facilities to the residents of the area. Foe better connection with the residents of the city, the city government must implement e-governance.
With these, the city authority needs to make sure that there is ample security for all residents. Special stress must be given to the safety and security of the elderly, children and the women.
All facilities and amenities must be available to the residents and that too, within the vicinity. The city authority must put stress on the construction of water pumping stations, schools, colleges, universities, sports facilities, recreational centers, hospitals and other essential services.
It is important that each city has its own character and identity that will be based on something that is indigenous to the particular area. The authority in charge of the city must do all the needful to enhance the innate character of the city and eliminate the flaws.
Last but not the least; in the light of the recent development towards the implementation of the Digital India movement, the authority of the cities must ensure that the residents have access to uninterrupted and strong digital connection. Without the presence of the internet connectivity, no city will be able to become a smart city.
The following are the main strategies that have been taken up by the government and the associated departments:
Retrofitting will present arranging in a current developed territory to accomplish smart city destinations, alongside different goals, to make the current zone more proficient and functional. In retrofitting, a territory comprising of more than 500 acreage of land will be distinguished by the city in interview with nationals. Contingent upon the current level of foundation administrations in the recognized range and the vision of the inhabitants, the cities will set up a technique to wind up plainly smart. Since existing structures are generally to stay in place in this model, it is normal that more serious foundation benefit levels and countless applications will be pressed into the retrofitted smart city. This technique may likewise be finished in a shorter time allotment, prompting its replication in another piece of the city.
Redevelopment will impact a substitution of the current developed condition and empower co-making of another design with improved framework, utilizing blended land and enhanced density. Improvement conceives a territory of more than 50 sections of land, recognized by Urban Local Bodies in conference with residents. For example, another format plan of the recognized range will be set up with blended land-utilize, higher FSI and high ground scope. Two cases of the redevelopment model are the Saifee Burhani Upliftment Project in Mumbai and the redevelopment of East Kidwai Nagar in New Delhi being attempted by the National Building Construction Corporation.
Greenfield real estate development establishment has been given the responsibility of making the arrangements and preparations. Starting with the economical planning to the planning of the houses and the constructions all will be done with the internationally set norms. The company will also look after meeting the residential demands of the poor as well.
The smart city proposition of each shortlisted city is required to embody either a retrofitting or redevelopment or Greenfield advancement demonstrate, or a blend thereof and a Pan-city highlight with Smart Solution. Note that skillet city is an extra element to be given. Since smart city is adopting a minimized range strategy, it is essential that all the city inhabitants feel there is something in it for them too. Accordingly, the extra prerequisite of a few (no less than one) all inclusive smart arrangement has been placed in the plan to make it comprehensive.
For North Eastern and the states set in the lap of the Himalayan, the region proposed to be produced will be one-portion of what is endorsed for any of the option models – retrofitting, redevelopment or Greenfield improvement.
The process of implementing the mission
The presence of only tall buildings and state of the art facilities is not the only mark of a smart city. A city that will be able to give the residents the proper facilities and opportunity to develop will be the mark of a true Smart City. The main inspiration of the government, behind the implementation of the mission was to develop the overall lifestyle and prospects.
The mission will assist in making the selected cities a much better place for the residents, irrespective of their social or economic standings. The mission has been designed in such a way that all the facilities will be planned in the perfect manner. It will not only bring everything within the easy reach of the residents.
All departments of the government will work hand in hand and will work in close co-operation for implementing all the stages of the construction and makeover tasks. Once the first phase is completed, the real outcome of the effort will be seen.
Understanding the ideas of retrofitting, redevelopment and Greenfield improvement by the approach creators, implementers and different partners at various levels will need capacity help. Real interests in time and assets should be made amid the arranging stage preceding support in the Challenge. This is unique in relation to the ordinary DPR-driven approach.
The Smart Cities Mission requires smart individuals who effectively take part in administration and changes. Native inclusion is significantly more than a stately interest in administration. Smart individuals include themselves in the meaning of the Smart City, choices on conveying Smart Solutions, actualizing changes, accomplishing more with less and oversight amid executing and outlining post-extend structures so as to make the Smart City advancements practical. The cooperation of smart individuals will be empowered by the SPV through expanding utilization of ICT, particularly portable based devices.