Immunization programs were in vogue previously in India. But the measures which were taken earlier was not enough to vaccinate the children of India. It is for this the health and family welfare Ministry of India came up with the mission Indradhanush to fully vaccinate the children of India. So as to speed up the process of immunization target has been set for the year 2020, and by that time full coverage is expected. It is for this reason Indradhanush mission came into being which offers full coverage for the immunization.
After the BJP Government come in UP An Rajasthan, the states has announced Advance Life Support Ambulance or ALSA program and Samajik Suraksha Pension Yojana respectively.
Aim Of Mission Indradhanush
Universal ImmunisationProgramme (UIP) is one of the recently conceived schemes that will allow the government in ensuring the good health of the future generations. According to the scheme, the UPI comprises of the immunization vaccines to eradicate 11 diseases, which can even prove to be fatal. According to the Indradhanush scheme, the children of the poor families will be vaccinated in the government health centers.
The list of these 11 diseases is as under the mission :
Influenzae type b (Hib)
Meningitis caused due to Haemophilus
Japanese Encephalitis (JE)
Polio,Tuberculosis, and Diphtheria
Implementation Of Mission Indradhanush
The methodical and intensive immunization initiative will be completed through a drive so as to reach all those kids who were not reached by the immunization initiative or were missed out. Pregnant women are given the zinc tablets, and tetanus vaccine along with the ORS packets to protect them from the dehydration or diarrhea and Vitamin A deficiency is also cured so as to enhance the immunity of the newborn.
Phases Of Mission Indradhanush
Phase I of Mission Indradhanushheld on 7th April 2015. This campaign was held on 201 districts which were reported as high tension regions. This campaign was held over a period of four months. More than 75 lakh children were immunized and 20 lakh pregnant females received tetanus toxoid vaccine through this campaign.
Phase II of Mission Indradhanush was carried to reach 279 medium focus districts and 73 high focus districts so as to reach a total of 352 districts. During the whole campaign, four special drives were organized to reach out the unvaccinated children and women. This phase initiated from October 2015.
From the reports of Phase 1 and Phase 2 campaigns, it is found that about 1.48cr children and 38 lakh women were immunized in this program. 39 Lakh children and about 20 lakh women were fully immunized in this campaign. Immunization activities were carried out on the 21.3 lakh sessions which were held in the mid and high priority districts.
In phase iii of mission Indradhanush, 216 districts were covered over a period of 7 days. Phase 3 started on April 7th, 2016. 216 districts were the immunization campaigns were done was selected by the dropout rates and the percentage of the fully vaccinated children. It was found that in these districts the full vaccination rate was below 60% and they have a very high dropout rates.
Since the inception of the mission, Indradhanush vaccination has reached to various section of the society immunizing the children and the pregnant women. More than 55.9 lakh women have till now received the tetanus toxoid vaccine in 497 high focus districts. Till now 28.7 lakh session for the mission Indradhanush were held and through various campaigns around 2.1cr children has received full vaccination along with 55 lakh pregnant women.
Phase 4 of the Mission Indradhanush was started from 7 February 2017, and it covered the Northeastern parts of India and its seven sister states. Remote regions of these states were visited to reach the unvaccinated children and pregnant women. There is a further projection plan to reach to the mass of the rest of India from April 2017.
The Ministry of health and family welfare is being backed by the organizations like UNICEF, WHO, Rotary International and may other donor organizations. Mass media and various other levels of media people are engaged in the development of the Mission Indradhanush and to reach to the rural mass of India.
Regions which were selected Under Indradhanush mission
The regions which were selected for the Indradhanush mission were categorized under three major divisions. They were divided among the high priority, mid priority, and low priority regions.
The high priority regions were those areas of the rural India where the medical facilities have not reached till now. The percentage of BPL is high in these areas, and the people who stay there lag hugely income wise and also in the matter of education.
Children are the upcoming generation of our country, and we must protect them so as to have a healthy nation. The vaccines that are provided in this mission helps the children to battle out some of the life-threatening diseases and also helps him to lead a very happy and healthy life. Pregnant women can also maintain a healthy life as a result of the mission and can also provide some immunization into the life of the newborn .
Central Government has also started health program for Women.Here you can go for them Benefits of PM Surakshit Matritva Program and Pregnant Women Scheme .