Tobacco consumption in India
Well, we are living in a country where 275 million people use tobacco products. When it comes to smoking, there are approximately 110 million smokers in India and millions lose their lives every year. In a report, the World Health Organization (WHO) mentioned that India accounts for 12% of the world’s smokers.
According to data, more than 74% of adults in India consume tobacco or tobacco products. In which 34% are smokers, 14% use smoking tobacco and 26% use smokeless tobacco. 2/3rd of these adults are male as compare to 1/3rd of the female. What’s more shocking is that about 88% of children under the age of 16 years have used some kind of tobacco products in the past, and 70% are still using tobacco products.
Here we gonna put cigarettes in the limelight because it not only affects the person who is consuming it but it’s smoke furthermore damages the health of a non-smoker as well.
Tobacco Industry in India
Indian tobacco company limited known as ITC which is also owned by British American Tobacco dominates the cigarette market in India with 77% of the total sales by volume. Godfrey Phillips India follows with 9% of the market, and VST Industries accounts for 8%. Even though the government in 2010 prohibited foreign direct investment (FDI) in cigarette manufacturing still Philip Morris International and Japan Tobacco hold 3% and 2% share in the Indian market. In 2019, nearly 90 billion cigarettes were sold in India. The revenue of the Tobacco industry in India has risen from 12 billion to 13 billion from 2018 to 2019 and it is predicted that it will rise to 15.6 billion by 2023.
Second-hand smoking or Passive smoking is indirectly inhaling the smoke exerted from a burning cigarette or bidi. Also is the smoke that is breath out by the person smoking. When a cigarette smoke (that contains more than 7000 chemicals and around 70 are cancerous chemicals) enters an environment, causing its inhalation by people within the environment.
Effect of second-hand smoking on a non-smoker
This should be the topic of discussion on our mainstream media platforms but they are not so aware of it. But it is a serious topic because there are almost similar health effects of smoking on a second-hand smoker. The reason is, they are inhaling the chemicals that can cause severe damage to different body parts. A non-smoker might contain nicotine and carbon monoxide in their blood and urine, even though they don’t smoke.
The worst effects are on premature children, in which they can suffer from various lungs and brain-related severe diseases. Even WHO estimated that second-hand smoking leads to 15 lakh deaths of premature children per year worldwide.
Secondhand smoke exposure is common in adults whether it’s public places or in houses as you might have some smokers around you while going to office as well as you might have a family member who smokes. This can affect your health too and lead to diseases like:
A non-smoker who is in contact with a smoker, their chances of getting a heart disease increases to 25-30 per cent. And even have a higher risk of heart stroke.
Also, if you are suffering from high blood pressure then it can make your situation worst.
Adults may develop asthma and can have regular respiratory diseases. In case a person already has asthma, then being around a smoker will only make the situation worst.
Secondhand smoke may cause lung cancer in grown-ups who don’t directly smoke tobacco products. And the chances of getting a cancer increase to 30% if the person who smokes is in regular touch with you.
How we can protect ourself?
If you are looking for a complete solution then practically it’s not possible to completely avoid cigarette smoke. The reason behind this is that if one of the family member smoke at home or in the car then it’s difficult to get away from it. And most of the non-smokers exposes take place either at houses or at workplaces.
Avoid as much as you can
The best you can do is to avoid smokers as much as you can. Whether it’s in a public place, bars, restaurants, parks, events, or anywhere else. You can make a smoker quit smoking for you but you can take a step for yourself to avoid a deadly disease.
Build a habit of wearing a mask
As we all are in the middle of coronavirus pandemic, and we all know it’s an airborne disease which forces us to wear a mask and it is becoming a part of our life now. You can use it as a blessing because if you develop a habit of wearing a mask every time you go out, it can reduce the harmful effects of smoke chemicals. It would be best if you wear an N-95 mask that can protect you from very tiny particles.
Still at the end Quitting smoking is the best way to protect nonsmokers from secondhand smoke. Because it’s not about your life now, it’s about your friends, family and loved ones.
Take a challenge a quit smoking today.